6 Volt to 12 Volt Changeover
By Stephen Kassis
The benefits of 12-volt charging systems over the earlier 6-volt systems are well established. It has been over 65 years since 12 volt systems became the automotive industry standard in 1955. So does your vintage car or truck really NEED a changeover to 12-volt? The answer is “Maybe”.
The main reason for the change to 12-volt was the increase in horsepower and compression ratios that caused hard starting. In Chevrolets, this began in 1953 with the increased compression ratios. When the engine was hot it would sometimes have trouble starting the car as 6-volt systems lacked the cranking power needed for the additional compression.
Engines prior to 1953 should not have this problem as long as a good battery and battery cables are present in the car or truck. Unless the vehicle will be driven on a daily basis, we do not recommend changing the system to 12-volt if the engine is prior to 1953. Possible exceptions would be if running 12-volt accessories such as a radio or special lighting like halogen headlights that are only available in 12-volt. Earlier engines with lower compression ratios do not require the additional boost of a 12-volt system.
Many new lighting products are now available for 6-volt systems, like 6-volt LED headlights & tail light conversions, dash and tail light bulbs. If you stay with a 6-volt system, you may be interested in our Voltage Inverter to change from 6-volt to 12-volt for radio or other low power accessories. For installation on negative ground systems – use part # CAS-1.
Some of the benefits of changing to a 12 volt system are easier starting, halogen headlights, LED tail lights, one-wire alternators and more power for accessories like electric fans, aftermarket radios & amplifiers.
If the decision has been made to changeover to a 12 volt system, several other decisions must be made. This article will outline items that need to be addressed and you must decide which will work best for your application.
- Coil & Ballast Resistor – Change the original 6-volt coil to a 12-volt – # FS-770. A ballast resistor is now required between the coil and the distributor. This will insure that only 6 volts reach the ignition points or they will burn prematurely. Ballast resistor is part # FS-1008.
- Drop resistors – Before hooking up 12 volts to your vehicle, protect the fuel gauge with a special resistor for this application – # FS-94. No other dash gauges require a resistor: Ammeter will work on 6 or 12-volt; oil pressure, speedometer and temperature are mechanical gauges. Also required is a drop resistor for accessories like original 6-volt heater or radio – use FS-129 (single item) or FS-129R (two items)
- Starter Motor – you can continue to run the 6-volt starter until the unit wears out. If the engine starts quickly, a 6-volt starter can last a long time in a 12-volt system. However, there is a risk of breaking the nose cone housing due to the extra power exerted on the starter with 12-volts. If the engine has to be cranked for long periods before it starts, you should change the starter to 12-volt – #’s R-3500-12 or R-3530-12.
- Generator or Alternator? – There is no question that an alternator will give superior performance over a generator system with a voltage regulator. If a generator is chosen for appearance reasons, the first option is 12-volt Generators #’s R-9005 or R-9010. The voltage regulator must also be changed to a 12 volt unit – # OS-94 or OS-94R.
The other option is to use an Alternator. We offer an internally regulated GM type alternator. The benefit to this type of alternator is that there is no need for a separate voltage regulator. Halogen headlights require use of an alternator as generators cannot keep up with the amperage required run halogen bulbs. Use part #R-7127-12.
Also available is an alternator bracket kit that bolts onto the original 4 or 6-cylinder engine where the old generator was mounted – TR-665 1926-1928; TR-666 1929-1936; FS-478 1937-1954 or FS-142 1955-1962. When using an alternator on 1926-1952 engines with wide fan belts, a special wide belt pulley is required – # VT-18.
- Turn Signal Flasher – If the vehicle has turn signals, the 6-volt flasher must be changed to a 12-volt flasher – # FS-453A or FS-453B.
- Horns – Most 6-volt horns will not work on a 12-volt system. We have a set of replacement 12-volt horns: # FS-1014 – these are a GM style Hi-Lo Horn Set. This horn set will require a 12-volt horn relay # FS-1007.
- Light Bulbs – From headlight to tail light and all lights in between, you must change all bulbs in the vehicle. Sealed beam headlight bulbs – # FS-321A or FS-321H; Dome, dash & tail light (original #63) – # FS-23A; Tail & Spot Light (original #1129) – # FS-22A; Dual contact parking & tail light (original #1154) – # FS-18A, FS-18AA or FS-18AR; Dash light (original #55) – # FS-273A; Dome light – single contact (original #1133) – # FS-1133A; Dome light – single contact (original # 87) FS-314A. Dome light – dual contact (original #’s 82 or 88) – # FS-493A; Indicator light (original #51) – # FS-884A.
Now for the good news… Most of the items needed to make the changeover from 6-volt to 12-volt are very simple to install. Anyone with a small amount of mechanical ability can install all of this easily over a weekend.